Juvenile Garibaldi
Hypsypops rubicundus

Physical Description

  • Juvenile garibaldi are deeper orange than their parents
  • Neon blue spots 
  • Blue-trimmed fins

Range

  • California Coast, from Monterey to northern Baja California, Mexico
  • Very abundant in Channel Islands

Habitat

  • Unlike most of their damselfish relatives, they live in cool temperate waters
  • From shallow subtidal waters to 100 feet depth
  • Found in shallow rocky reefs between intertidal and subtidal zones
  • Found in kelp forests

Diet

  • Bottom-dwelling invertebrates, such as worms, small anemones, sponges, bryozoans, crabs, shrimp, small shellfish, and sea stars

Predators

  • Larger fish, seals, sea lions, sharks
  • On Santa Catalina Island, they are eaten by bald eagles! 

Interesting Facts

  • The garibaldi is the California state marine fish. As such, its possession is illegal.
  • The name garibaldi comes from the 1800s Italian leader Giuseppe Garibaldi whose troops wore flashy red/orange colors into battle.
  • The male garibaldi will select the nesting location for the female, and carefully prepare it for the laying of eggs. He will remove any detritus or sea stars and bite back plants that are in the way.
  • Garibaldi are very territorial, and are known to chase divers away from their nesting areas. But two male garibaldis can graze peacefully within two feet of each other if they don’t cross territory lines. 

Sources: National Park Service; Aquarium of the Pacific

Photo: Kevin Lee

See if you can spot the bright orange fish on Birch Aquarium’s Kelp Cam

Back To Map